Investigation of the Δn = 0 selection rule in Gamow-Teller transitions : The β-decay of 207Hg

Aineiston käyttöoikeudet
CC BY 4.0
QR-koodi
Finna-arvio
(0)

Investigation of the Δn = 0 selection rule in Gamow-Teller transitions : The β-decay of 207Hg

Gamow-Teller β decay is forbidden if the number of nodes in the radial wave functions of the initial and final states is different. This Δn = 0 requirement plays a major role in the β decay of heavy neutron-rich nuclei, affecting the nucleosynthesis through the increased half-lives of nuclei on the astrophysical r-process pathway below both Z = 50 (for N > 82) and Z = 82 (for N >126). The level of forbiddenness of the Δn = 1ν1g9/2 → π0g7/2 transition has been investigated from the β− decay of the ground state of 207Hg into the single-proton-hole nucleus 207Tl in an experiment at the ISOLDE Decay Station. From statistical observational limits on possible γ-ray transitions depopulating the π0g7/2−1 state in 207Tl, an upper limit of 3.9 × 10−3% was obtained for the probability of this decay, corresponding to log ft > 8.8 within a 95% confidence limit. This is the most stringent test of the Δn = 0 selection rule to date.

Tallennettuna:
Kieli
englanti
Aiheet
ISSN
0370-2693