Maatilaympäristön vaarat odottavalle äidille


Maatilaympäristön vaarat odottavalle äidille

The aim of this thesis was to study what the biggest dangers in the farm environment are the pregnant woman is exposed to and how this effects the unborn child and reproductive health of the woman. The thesis is composed of a literary review and the author’s own personal experience. The theoretical information is from research studies on agriculture, environmental health and occupational health care. The study also includes studies from the fields of medicine and microbiology.

The physiological dangers of a farm include noise, vibration, knocks, stress as well as the hot and cold working environment. Working on the farm also includes physical work and work with animals. Good interaction with carer and the animals adds work safety.

The most dangerous exposure to chemicals of the pregnant woman is caused by the exposure to pesticides and solvents. Medicinal substances can also have the same effect as pesticides and cause other serious consequences depending on each medicinal substance. The worst that can happen is fetus death and abortion.

The most dangerous biological threats are toxoplasmosis and listeriosis. Biological dangers can emerge for example in raw milk and contaminated water. In Finland zoonosis usually spreads from food products such as raw meat and milk. Zoonosis can cause serious food poisoning even an epidemic.

In the farm environment, exposure to dangers caused by ventilation include dust, moulds, carbon dioxide, ammonia, sulphur, methane and carbon monoxide. In order to prevent exposure to the dangers sufficient ventilation in animal shelters is required and one can use quality respirators with CE marking.

The pregnant woman can protect herself from dangers on the farm with prevention, anticipation, recognition of dangers, protective clothing, good hygiene, work planning and professional skills. The immune system protects mother and fetus also from external factors.